Gerontology and Aging
- Dementia affects nearly 50 million people worldwide, translating into one new case every 3 seconds. Dementia syndrome is one of the leading causes of disability among older adults, yet it remains vastly underdiagnosed. A timely diagnosis of dementia is essential to ensuring optimal care and support of individuals and their loved ones. Although there is no single test for dementia, health care providers can use a structured approach to the workup and management of new cognitive symptoms. Comprehensive MEDLINE and PubMed searches were performed to develop an unbiased, practical diagnostic approach to these symptoms.
- Older drivers are putting more miles on the road during their “golden years” than generations prior. Many older adults have safe driving habits, but unique age-related changes increase the risk for crash-related morbidity and mortality. Generalists are poised to assess and guide older adults' driving fitness. Although there is no uniformly accepted tool for driving fitness, assessment of 5 key domains (cognition, vision, physical function, medical comorbidities, and medications) using valid tools can help clinicians stratify older drivers into low, intermediate, and high risk for unsafe driving.