- Two patients in their 80s were undergoing evaluation for valvular heart disease. They endorsed remote history of cavitary tuberculosis that was treated in their 20s. Both patients remained free of reactivation tuberculosis since. The first patient’s chest radiograph showed left upper lobe collapse created by multiple polyethylene balls (each <1 inch in diameter) tightly packed in the extrapleural space of the left upper hemithorax (Figure A). The second patient’s radiograph showed a large, densely calcified opacity in the right upper hemithorax with complete collapse of the right upper lobe caused by extrapleural injection of paraffin oil (Figure B).
- An individual with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome developed pancytopenia. Peripheral smear showed red cell macrocytosis with stomatocytes and well-granulated pseudo Pelger-Huet neutrophils (Figure A).
- A woman in her early 40s attended the hospital for dyspnea. Her chest radiograph revealed cardiomegaly, prominence of the cone of the pulmonary artery, and hyperflow (Figure A). The electrocardiogram revealed growth of the atrium and right ventricle. The chest computed tomography angiogram depicted right intralobar pulmonary sequestration (PS) with a patent ductus arteriosus (Figure B); the blood supply of the sequestrum originated from the abdominal aorta with venous drainage toward the pulmonary vein and the left atrium (Figure C and D).