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Effect of Center Volume on Outcomes in Hospitalized Patients With Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia

Published:November 01, 2016DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mayocp.2016.07.005

      Abstract

      Objective

      To determine whether hospitalized patients with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) had better outcomes at high-volume treatment centers (HVCs).

      Patients and Methods

      The Nationwide Inpatient Sample (2000-2011) was used to identify HHT-related hospitalizations. Hospitals were classified based on quartiles of annual HHT discharge volume. The 75th percentile cutoff value (third quartile) was used to classify hospitals as low-volume centers (1-7 HHT discharges per year) or as HVCs (≥8 discharges per year. Demographic features, complication rates, and outcomes were compared between the 2 groups.

      Results

      We identified 9440 hospital discharges in patients with HHT. Of these patients, 6856 (72.6%) were admitted to low-volume centers and 2584 (27.4%) to HVCs. The former were more likely to be of white race, older, and with higher income levels ( P<.001 for each). The HVCs had higher rates of anemia, epistaxis, congestive heart failure, pulmonary hypertension, and cerebral and pulmonary arteriovenous malformations and lower rates of ischemic stroke and myocardial infarction. After adjusting for baseline differences in a multivariate model, patients treated at HVCs were more likely to be discharged home (odds ratio [OR]=1.35; 95% CI, 1.21-1.52; P<.001) and less likely to be discharged to short-term rehabilitation facilities (OR=0.45; 95% CI, 0.31-0.64; P<.001). Patients treated at HVCs also had a significantly lower risk of in-hospital mortality (OR=0.51; 95% CI, 0.34-0.74; P<.001).

      Conclusion

      Patients with HHT hospitalized at HVCs had better outcomes, with lower in-hospital mortality and higher home discharge rates. These findings strongly support ongoing efforts to expand access to HHT centers of excellence in the United States and worldwide.

      Abbreviations and Acronyms:

      AVM ( arteriovenous malformation), CCI ( Charlson comorbidity index), COE ( center of excellence), HHT ( hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia), HVC ( high-volume center), IVC ( inferior vena cava), LOS ( length of stay), LVC ( low-volume center), NIS ( Nationwide Inpatient Sample), OR ( odds ratio)
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      Linked Article

      • Correction
        Mayo Clinic ProceedingsVol. 92Issue 2
        • In Brief
          In the article titled, “Effect of Center Volume on Outcomes in Hospitalized Patients With Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia,” published in the December 2016 issue of Mayo Clinic Proceedings (Mayo Clin Proc. 2016;91(12):1753-1760), there is an error in Table 2. The number for high-volume centers for coronary artery disease should be 416, not 1416.
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