To determine whether hospitalized patients with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) had better outcomes at high-volume treatment centers (HVCs).
Patients and Methods
The Nationwide Inpatient Sample (2000-2011) was used to identify HHT-related hospitalizations. Hospitals were classified based on quartiles of annual HHT discharge volume. The 75th percentile cutoff value (third quartile) was used to classify hospitals as low-volume centers (1-7 HHT discharges per year) or as HVCs (≥8 discharges per year. Demographic features, complication rates, and outcomes were compared between the 2 groups.
We identified 9440 hospital discharges in patients with HHT. Of these patients, 6856 (72.6%) were admitted to low-volume centers and 2584 (27.4%) to HVCs. The former were more likely to be of white race, older, and with higher income levels ( P<.001 for each). The HVCs had higher rates of anemia, epistaxis, congestive heart failure, pulmonary hypertension, and cerebral and pulmonary arteriovenous malformations and lower rates of ischemic stroke and myocardial infarction. After adjusting for baseline differences in a multivariate model, patients treated at HVCs were more likely to be discharged home (odds ratio [OR]=1.35; 95% CI, 1.21-1.52; P<.001) and less likely to be discharged to short-term rehabilitation facilities (OR=0.45; 95% CI, 0.31-0.64; P<.001). Patients treated at HVCs also had a significantly lower risk of in-hospital mortality (OR=0.51; 95% CI, 0.34-0.74; P<.001).
Patients with HHT hospitalized at HVCs had better outcomes, with lower in-hospital mortality and higher home discharge rates. These findings strongly support ongoing efforts to expand access to HHT centers of excellence in the United States and worldwide.
Abbreviations and Acronyms:AVM ( arteriovenous malformation), CCI ( Charlson comorbidity index), COE ( center of excellence), HHT ( hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia), HVC ( high-volume center), IVC ( inferior vena cava), LOS ( length of stay), LVC ( low-volume center), NIS ( Nationwide Inpatient Sample), OR ( odds ratio)
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Published online: November 01, 2016
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