Target Audience: The target audience for Mayo Clinic Proceedings is primarily internal medicine physicians and other clinicians who wish to advance their current knowledge of clinical medicine and who wish to stay abreast of advances in medical research.
Statement of Need: General internists and primary care physicians must maintain an extensive knowledge base on a wide variety of topics covering all body systems as well as common and uncommon disorders. Mayo Clinic Proceedings aims to leverage the expertise of its authors to help physicians understand best practices in diagnosis and management of conditions encountered in the clinical setting.
Accreditation: Mayo Clinic College of Medicine is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
Credit Statement: Mayo Clinic College of Medicine designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1.0 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s).™ Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.
Learning Objectives: On completion of this article, you should be able to recognize (1) that normal microbial colonization of humans is specific and diverse, (2) that there are interactions between the microbiome and human cells, and (3) that these interactions contribute to health and disease.
Disclosures: As a provider accredited by ACCME, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine (Mayo School of Continuous Professional Development) must ensure balance, independence, objectivity, and scientiﬁc rigor in its educational activities. Course Director(s), Planning Committee members, Faculty, and all others who are in a position to control the content of this educational activity are required to disclose all relevant ﬁnancial relationships with any commercial interest related to the subject matter of the educational activity. Safeguards against commercial bias have been put in place. Faculty also will disclose any off-label and/or investigational use of pharmaceuticals or instruments discussed in their presentation. Disclosure of this information will be published in course materials so that those participants in the activity may formulate their own judgments regarding the presentation.
In their editorial and administrative roles, William L. Lanier, Jr, MD, Terry L. Jopke, Kimberly D. Sankey, and Nicki M. Smith, MPA, have control of the content of this program but have no relevant ﬁnancial relationship(s) with industry.
The authors report no competing interests. The authors discuss the role of prebiotics, probiotics, synbiotics, and fecal microbiota transplantation as potential microbiota restorative therapies and note that these are investigational and not approved by the US Food and Drug Administration.
Method of Participation: In order to claim credit, participants must complete the following:
1. Read the activity.
2. Complete the online CME Test and Evaluation. Participants must achieve a score of 80% on the CME Test. One retake is allowed.
Participants should locate the link to the activity desired at http://bit.ly/1bVBnHG
. On successful completion of the online test and evaluation, you can instantly download and print your certiﬁcate of credit.
Estimated Time: The estimated time to complete each article is approximately 1 hour.
Hardware/Software: PC or MAC with Internet access.
Date of Release: 01/01/14
Expiration Date: 12/31/15 (Credit can no longer be offered after it has passed the expiration date.)