During the past 3 decades, extraordinary changes and advances have occurred in the management of musculoskeletal injuries. These changes have been necessary in response to a continuously increasing pattern of high-velocity injuries combined with patient expectations of quick recovery, less morbidity, and minimal final physical impairment. Physicians specifically interested in the science and practice of traumatology emerged from many medical subspecialties to meet these challenges. The foundation of the AO Group of Switzerland in 1958 profoundly influenced the development of improved implants and the philosophy of operative intervention in fracture care. Although these principles were slowly accepted in North America, the “AO disciples” in the United States rapidly became recognized leaders of skeletal traumatology and were instrumental in the creation of the highly respected Orthopaedic Trauma Association, which provides a forum for the scientific basis of skeletal traumatology.
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© 1993 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.