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Allergy Skin Testing

      The diagnosis of allergic causes of bronchial asthma, rhinitis, and other diseases in which allergy may be a pathogenetic factor has been substantially facilitated by allergy skin testing. It demonstrates the presence of IgE directed against the specific allergen tested. This procedure tests the occurrence of an almost immediate (within 20 minutes) wheal and flare (W-F) reaction after application of allergenic extracts on the skin of patients. Such a reaction raises the suspicion of allergy to the allergen tested. Whether this correlation exists and whether it is implicated in the pathogenesis of the disease being investigated are decided after a thorough analysis of the allergy test results, along with elicitation of the history and physical examination of the patient by a knowledgeable physician.
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