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Effect of Thyroid Hormone Replacement on Lipoprotein(a), Lipids, and Apolipoproteins in Subjects With Hypothyroidism

      Objective

      To study the effect of thyroid hormone replacement on total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), apolipoprotein A-I and B-100, and lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] in subjects with hypothyroidism.

      Material and Methods

      In 17 patients with clinical primary hypothyroidism, studies were done before and after thyroid hormone replacement therapy. Free thyroxine and thyrotropin were determined by chemiluminescent assay. Total cholesterol and triglycerides were measured by enzymatic methods, and HDL-C was measured after dextran sulfate-MgCl2, precipitation. Apolipoprotein A-I and B-100 were assayed by immunonephelometry. For measurement of Lp(a), we used a sequential sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.

      Results

      After levothyroxine treatment, the mean concentration of thyrotropin decreased from 91.4 to 3.7 μIU/mL, and free thyroxine increased from 0.5 to 1.2 ng/dL. Total cholesterol, triglycerides, HDL-C, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and apolipoprotein A-I and B-100 decreased after thyroid hormone replacement therapy. Lp(a) levels also decreased significantly (P<0.05) after treatment, from a mean of 33.4 to 25.6 mg/dL.

      Conclusion

      Hypothyroidism is associated with an increase in total cholesterol, triglycerides, HDL-C, apolipoprotein A-I and B-I00, and Lp(a). A reduction in lipid and lipoprotein levels after thyroid hormone replacement in our study cohort resulted in a less atherogenic profile.
      apo A-I (apolipoprotein A-I), apo B (apolipoprotein B-100), FT4 (free thyroxine), HDL-C (high-density lipoprotein cholesterol), LDL (low-density lipoprotein), LDL-C (lowdensity lipoprotein cholesterol), Lp(a) (lipoprotein(a)), TC (total cholesterol), TSH (thyroid-stimulating hormone (thyrotropin))
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